What is a nephrectomy, and how is an open nephrectomy performed?

Nephrectomy is the medical term for the surgical removal of the kidney. Nephrectomy is commonly performed in two main ways: open nephrectomy and laparoscopic nephrectomy. At Acibadem Healthcare Group Organ Transplant Centers, kidney transplants are carried out using the Fully Laparoscopic method.

If all medical evaluations before the transplant surgery, both for the donor and the recipient, are positive, the kidney transplant surgery proceeds. The surgeries for removing the kidney from the donor and then attaching it to the recipient are performed.

Recipient Operation

In kidney transplantation, the recipient operation remains unchanged from 60 years ago to the present day. The kidney is placed into the recipient’s right or left groin. In patients with kidney failure who are also considered for pancreas transplantation, the right groin is reserved for the pancreas, and the kidney is attached to the left groin.

What is Anxiety? What are the Diagnosis and Treatment Methods?

For other patient groups, the first preference is usually the right groin. A 15-20 cm incision is made extending towards the right side of the body in the shape of the letter ‘J’. The kidney is placed behind the peritoneum. Connections are made for the artery, vein, and urinary tract.

Usually, a drain is inserted to be removed 3-4 days after surgery. During the connection of the urinary tract, a stent is placed in the ureter. This stent needs to be removed after 3-4 weeks. This procedure is carried out by the urology team under mild anesthesia in the operating theater. The operation site is closed with small wires called stitches or staples, which are removed in the clinic 3 weeks after the operation.

Are Diseased Kidneys Removed?

Diseased kidneys are preferably removed before or during transplantation when they pose risks such as infection or cancer, or in cases of polycystic kidney disease. Apart from these situations, there is no need to remove the patient’s own kidneys.

What Is Nephrectomy?

Nephrectomy is the medical term for the surgical removal of a kidney. Nephrectomy is commonly performed in two main ways: open and laparoscopic nephrectomy.

At Acibadem Healthcare Group Organ Transplant Centers, kidney transplants are performed using the Fully Laparoscopic method.

Natural Orifice Surgery (Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery) for Kidney Donation It is the procedure of removing the kidney through the existing natural opening (vagina).”

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